Coming Soon: Radiation Exposure and Medicine
Radiation is a natural force everyone is exposed to on a daily basis. Modern medicine also uses radioactive material for many different benefits--most commonly in imaging. And yet our general understanding, not without reason, is that any amount of radiation is dangerous and to be avoided. Answering this concern will be
Coming Soon: The Responsibility of Nations
Clean energy goals are expensive. Even with all the advancements in wind and solar power, they just aren't as cheap as the apparent up front cost of burning coal. No matter how much clean energy advances, this fact just won't change--the more simple and easy to maintain fossil fuel energy will always appear cheaper.
External costs, the impact on human health and the environment, change this outlook significantly. Which is why they're often affordable in developed countries. But in developing nations similar impacts on human health and the ability to respond to environmental disasters can be seen from not developing as fast as possible. These effects also detriment the environment, living standards, even the quality of protections and enforcement of human rights people have access to. Developed nations industrialized with massive increases in coal and other cheap-up-front fossil fuels to reach the point of economic and social stability that makes more expensive energy sources initially affordable without jeopardizing quality of life.
At the same time, developing nations stand to far outweigh the energy consumption of currently developed nations, when they reach similar levels of development. These same nations, many environmentalists say, will be the hardest hit if human caused climate change is not stopped.
So amidst this tangle of disproportionate responsibilities, consequences, and ability to respond, an environmental moral question emerges: who should pay for the initially more expensive clean energy, and how should it be done?
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